Why Scholarly Societies Are Against Open Access

Posted on September 14, 2012

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As I mentioned earlier today I wrote an article for the Index on Censorship special issue about censorship of academia. The online version unfortunately was missing a table that was in the print version. It was right before I say,

Most of the societies that opposed or were critical of open access in the White House’s consultation receive a good portion of their funding from publishing; for some it’s over 80 per cent of their revenue. Some of these societies are in essence publishers with an individual subscription option attached to their publications, called a membership.

As it really drives home the point I was trying to make I have reproduced it here.

Background info- the list of societies comes from those who opposed Open Access in the White Houses call for comment on Open Access, it also includes  the American Chemical Society as it is very anti-OA. The information comes from their 990 tax returns or annual reports (click on links or society name to see the raw data).

Name (year of data) Revenue Budget Spent on Publishing Money Brought in by publishing Top Employee Pay and Benefits Source
American Chemical Society (2010) $508,206,902 $340,437,402 (information services) $421,489,737 (information services) $1,084,417 http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=PP_SUPERARTICLE&node_id=2261&use_sec=false&sec_url_var=region1&__uuid=8fd0fd88-e513-440e-85bb-b419fda8bcda
American Society for Nutrition (2008) $10,785,223 $2,663,197 (only 2 journals) $3,762,943 (only 2 journals) $330,478 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=311507752&Cobrandid=0
Phycological Society of America (2010) $153,426,705 $34,274,251 $80,765,686 $618.88 http://www.apa.org/about/finance.aspx
American Institute of Physics (2010) $74,434,904 $53,845,932 $58,717,826 $461,744 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Form990&EIN=131667053&Year=2012
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (2010) $850,608,457 $117,931,932 $127,642,124 $728,442 http://www.ieee.org/about/financials.html
American Society of Hematology (2009) $97,694,579 $7,828,861 $9,668,725 $535,933 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=237080568&Cobrandid=0
Archaeological Institute of America (2010) $6,725,435 $4,153,916 $4,677,349 $134,323 http://www.archaeological.org/about/whoweare
Protein Society (2010) $1,474,097 $51,942 $189,339 $200,887 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=943019570&Cobrandid=0
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (2011) $23,215,000 $4,388,000 $5,938,000 https://www.aiaa.org/Secondary.aspx?id=4644
American Sociological Association (2010) $6,891,243 $1,004,735 $2,674,776 $240,558 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=135626343&Cobrandid=0
Seismological Society of America (2010) $1,664,414 $995,292 $1,365,258 $122,294 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=946078791&Cobrandid=0
 Ecological Society of America (2009) $6,807,123 $2,607,173 $3,179,763 $238,943 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=370913411&Cobrandid=0
 The American Society of Plant Biologists (2010) $6,892,578 $3,083,531 $5,134,845 $200,810 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=530258999&Cobrandid=0
American Association for Dental Research (2010) $2,214,921 $145,447 $238,615 $213,526 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=541790185&Cobrandid=0
Society for Conservation Biology (2010)  $          3,163,608.00  $                  693,563.00  $                           934,257.00  Not listed http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=330147824&Cobrandid=0
Acoustical Society of America (2010)  $          5,033,166.00  $               1,301,951.00  $                        2,464,489.00  $                215,314.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=136161132&Cobrandid=0
Genetics Society of America (2010)  $          2,992,796.00  $                  842,341.00  $                        1,563,249.00  $                196,149.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=936023830&Cobrandid=0
American Association for the Advancement of Sciences (2011)  $        94,604,000.00  $             43,684,000.00  $                      47,366,000.00  Not listed http://www.aaas.org/publications/annual_report/
American Society of Human Genetics (2010)  $          6,557,247.00  $                  798,423.00  $                           309,735.00  $                297,383.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=521419397&Cobrandid=0
American Physical Society (2010)  $        43,755,136.00  $             28,098,375.00  $                      32,995,144.00  $                333,180.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=131656610&Cobrandid=0
American Society for Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics (2010)  $          5,167,976.00  $               3,067,048.00  $                        3,871,957.00  $                256,006.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=586032060&Cobrandid=0
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (2010)  $        16,770,426.00  Not listed  Not listed  $                243,818.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=730125920&Cobrandid=0
American Society for Investigative Pathology (2010)  $          5,125,986.00  $               2,108,588.00  $                        3,124,138.00  $                226,807.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=946079945&Cobrandid=0
American Association of Physicists in Medicine (2009)  $               54,418.00  Not listed  Not listed  Not listed http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=237451721&Cobrandid=0
Optical Society of America (2010)  $        30,691,123.00  $             11,190,260.00  $                      18,258,496.00  $                497,937.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=530259696&Cobrandid=0
American Psychological Association (2010)  $          4,963,330.00  Not listed  Not listed  $                618,883.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=522262136&Cobrandid=0
American Institute of Biological Sciences (2010)  $          7,227,941.00  $                  359,281.00  $                             78,937.00  $                230,233.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=530220853&Cobrandid=0
American Physiological Society (2010)  $        18,188,138.00  Not listed  $                      13,601,430.00  $                394,655.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=530204660&Cobrandid=0
American Society of Mechanical Engineers  $      106,355,993.00  Not listed  Not listed  Not listed http://files.asme.org/asmeorg/About/30342.pdf
American Astronomical Society (2010)  $        12,414,664.00  $               5,666,850.00  $                        9,018,222.00  $                236,943.00 http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=210735173&Cobrandid=0
Poultry Science Association (2010)  $          1,429,921.00  $                  481,240.00  $                           949,521.00  Not listed http://www.eri-nonprofit-salaries.com/index.cfm?FuseAction=NPO.Summary&EIN=746015450&Cobrandid=0
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